yzThe Philosophical Naturalists: Themes in Early Nineteenth-Century British Biology
yҁzPhilip F. Rehbock
ysz1983N
yoŁzThe University of Wisconsin Press, Madison
ypzWisconsin Publications in the History of Science and Medicine, Number 3
yŐzxvi+281 pp.
y艿zUS$ 30.00
yISBNz0-299-09430-8



yڎz
List of figures ix
List of tables xi
Acknowledgments xiii

Introduction 3

Part I: The Idealist Approach to Nature

1. The Continental Background to Idealist Natural History 15
Kant and Naturphilosophie
Transcendental biology in France
The appearance and reappearance of idealism in England

2. Robert Knox: Idealism Imported 31
Comparative anatomy at Edinburgh
The tribulations of Robert Knox
Knox and philosophical anatomy
Conclusion

3. The Specific and the Transcendental 56
The laws of variety and conformity to type
Unity of plan and unity of function
Analogies, homologies, and polarities
The unity of matter
Triangular morphology and the inverse cube law
Idealism legitimized
Ideal patterns in space and time
Conclusion

Part II: Organisms in Space and Time

4. Zonation, Provinces, and Biogeographic Statistics 117
Early distribution studies in England
Forbes and Watson in the 1830s
Distributional statistics and the provincial societies
From terrestrial to marine invertebrates
Marine biogeography
Conclusion

5. Whence Came the Flora and Fauna? 150
Lyell and historical biogeography
Forbes and the centers-of-creation doctorine
Prehistpric lands and climates
The "Connexion" essay
Origins of the "Connexion"
The Irish elk
Conflict with Watson
Reception of the "Connexion" essay
Migrationinsts and extensionists
Conclusion

6. A Darwinian Epilogue 192

Notes 199
Bibliography: Works by the Philosophical Naturalists and Their Contemporaries 253
Index 271