yzThe Nature of Selection: Evolutionary Theory in Philosophical Focus
yҁzElliott Sober
ysz1984N
yoŁzThe MIT Press, Massachusetts
ypzA Bradford Book
yŐzxii+383 pp.
yizUS$ 28.75 (hardcover)
yISBNz0-262-19232-2
ylzReprintłD1993NCThe University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-76748-5. US$ 20.75 (paperback)



yڎz
Acknowledgments ix
Introduction 1

PART 1: Fitness, Selection, Adaptation

Chapter 1: Evolutionary Theory as a Theory of Forces 13
1.1 The Prehistory of a Concept 15
1.2 History and Theory 20
1.3 Zero-Force States 31
1.4 Darwinian Fitness 38
1.5 Source Laws and Supervenience 47

Chapter 2: The Tautology Problem 61
2.1 A Good Tautology Is Hard to Find 63
2.2 A Little A Priori Truth Never Hurt Anyone 74

Chapter 3: Survival, Reproduction, Causation 87
3.1 Fitness Is Causally Inert 88
3.2 Selection Of and Selection For 97

Chapter 4: Chance 103
4.1 The Randomness of Mutation 104
4.2 Detarministic and Stochastic Processes 110
4.3 What Laplace's Demon Would Be Missing 118

Chapter 5: Explanation 135
5.1 Explanation and Prediction 136
5.2 Variational and Developmental Explanation 147
5.3 Population Thinking and Essentialism 155

Chapter 6: Adaptation 171
6.1 Selection and Improvement 172
6.2 Retrospect and Prospect 196

PART 2: The Group Above and the Gene Below

Chapter 7: Beginnings 215
7.1 Historical Background 215
7.2 Transitivity and Context Dependence 226
7.3 Parsimony 234
7.4 Representability 241
7.5 The Unit of Replication 249
7.6 Adaptation and Artifact 255
7.7 Group Selection without Altruism 262
7.8 The Analysis of Variance 266

Chapter 8: Causality 277
8.1 Object and Property 278
8.2 Coronaries and Correlations 281
8.3 Fine-Tuning 288

Chapter 9: Consequences 301
9.1 The Selfish Gene or the Artifactual Allele? 302
9.2 Group Selection in Focus 314
9.3 Altruism and Averaging 325
9.4 Species Selection 355

References 369
Index 379