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yzEvolution: The History of an Idea
Third Edition, Completely Revised and Expanded
yҁzPeter J. Bowler
ysz2003N
yoŁzUniversity of California Press, Berkeley
yŐzxx+464 pp.
yizUS$ 24.95 (paperback)
yISBNz0-520-23695-9
ylzŁF1983Ni{󂠂jCQŁF1989N
---
yڎz
List of Illustrations ix
Preface to the Third Edition xi
Preface to the First Edition xv

1. The Idea of Evolution: Its Scope and Implications 1
The Old Worldview and the New 3
The Possibilities of Change 7
The Nature of Science 13
The Historian's Problems 18

2. The Pre-Evolutionary Worldview 27
Human History 29
Theories of the Earth 31
The Meaning of Fossils 35
Natural Theology 38
The New Natural History 41
The Problem of Generation 45

3. Evolution in the Enlightenment 48
Human Nature 50
The Origin of Society 54
The History of the Earth 57
The Chain of Being 62
The New Classification 66
The New Theories of Generation 71
The Materialists 81
The First Transmutationists 84

4. Nature and Society, 1800-1859 96
The Invention of Progress 99
The Framework of Science 106
Georges Cuvier: Fossils and the History of Life 108
Catastrophism and Natural Theology in Britain 115
The Philosophical Naturalists 120
Radical Science 126
The Principle of Uniformity 129
The Vestiges of Creation 134

5. The Development of Darwin's Theory 141
Darwin's Early Career 148
The Crucial Years: 1836-1839 155
Development of the Theory, 1840-1859 164
Wallace and Publication of the Theory 173

6. The Reception of Darwin's Theory 177
The Foundations of Darwinism 180
The Scientific Debate 188
Darwinism and Design 202
Human Origins 207
Evolution and Progress 216

7. The Eclipse of Darwinism:
Scientific Evolutionism, 1875-1925 224
Reconstructing the History of Life 227
The Age of the Earth 234
Neo-Lamarckism 236
Orthogenesis 247
Neo-Darwinism 251
Mendelism and the Mutation Theory 260

8. Evolution, Society, and Culture, 1875-1925 274
The Missing Link 278
The Origins of Culture and Society 284
Evolution and Race 292
Social Evolutionism 297
Biological Determinism 307
Neo-Lamarckism and Society 315
Evolution and Philosophy 317
Evolution and Religion 322

9. The Evolutionary Synthesis 325
Population genetics 327
The Modern Synthesis 333
The Origin of Life 339
Wider Implications of the Synthesis 340

10. Modern Debates and Developments 347
The History of Life 349
Human Origins 353
Sociobiology and Ultra-Darwinism 356
Opponents of Ultra-Darwinism 361
Anti-Darwinians 366
Darwinism not scientific? 369
Creationism 375

Bibliography 383
Index 451